Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was one of the last bastions of the sovereignty of the Kalinago people. Eventually, the Kalinago people found themselves being displaced by the exigencies of the plantation system.
From as early as the seventeenth century Kalinago leaders had successfully defended their sovereignty against European colonisation. For example, on March 23, 1667 Kalinago leaders from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines joined Kalinago leaders from Saint Lucia and Dominica for talks with British officials in Barbados. In July 1681 Kalinagos from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were part of a 300-strong armed expeditionary force which sought to unseat English settlers in Barbuda, an island just off Antigua.”